How did the Tambora eruption affect people?

How did the Tambora eruption affect people?

The lighter volcanic material, including ash and dust, prevented light from reaching the Earth in a large area around Tambora. Falling ash then blanketed the ground, killing off all vegetation and causing up to 80,000 human deaths from famine and disease in surrounding islands.

How many people got injured from Mount Tambora?


Volcano Location Fatalities
Mount Tambora Indonesia >71,000
Krakatoa Indonesia 36,600
Santa María Volcano Guatemala 7,000–13,000
Novarupta United States 2

How many people were killed when Mount Tambora erupted?

100,000 people
Heavy eruptions of the Tambora volcano in Indonesia are letting up by April 17, 1815. The volcano, which began rumbling on April 5, killed almost 100,000 people directly and indirectly. The eruption was the largest ever recorded and its effects were noted throughout the world.

Do people live by Mount Tambora?

And Tambora still looms dangerously large over the people of Indonesia: “More than one million people live within 100 kilometers of Tambora today—and 100,000 live within 30 kilometers,” says Cottrell.

What were the social impacts of Mount Tambora?

The ash and gases released cooled the atmosphere by more than 1°C and the year of 1816 became known as ‘the year without summer’, leading to high food prices and serious famine even in Europe and North America.

How many people died from Mount Tambora in 1815?

According to historical climatological sources , the death toll of the 1815 event was 11,000 from pyroclastic flows and more than 100,000 from the resulting food shortages over the following decade.

Why do people live near Mount Tambora?

People live close to volcanoes because Geothermal energy can be harnessed by using the steam from underground which has been heated by the Earth’s magma. This steam is used to drive turbines in geothermal power stations to produce electricity for domestic and industrial use.

What are some of the effects of volcanic eruption to the people and environment?

Among the hazards in distant areas are the effects of toxic volcanic ashes and problems of the respiratory system, eyes and skin, as well as psychological effects, injuries, transport and communication problems, waste disposal and water supplies issues, collapse of buildings and power outage.

Why do people want to live on a volcano?

For starters, many people depend on volcanoes for their survival. The geothermal energy of a volcano can power technological systems for nearby communities. Soil near active volcanoes is often rich in mineral deposits and provides excellent farming opportunities.