What are the vegetation zones in Nigeria?

What are the vegetation zones in Nigeria?

The ecological zones in Nigeria are based on Keay (1949), and are defined from South to North as follows: Mangrove Swamp and Coastal Vegetation, Freshwater Swamp Forest, Lowland Rain Forest, Derived Savanna, Guinea Savanna, Sudan Savanna, and Sahel Savanna.

How many vegetative zones do we have in Nigeria?

In terms of vegetation structure, Nigeria can be divided into nine vegetation zones (Siynabola et al., 2003). Out of these, five are forest formations and four are savanna formations (Figure 1). The forest types are mangrove, freshwater swamp, lowland rain forest, riparian, and montane forests respectively.

Who uses vegetation maps?

The Vegetation Mapping Inventory classifies, describes, and maps vegetation communities in more than 270 national park units across the country. Species and vegetation communities vary from park to park, and park managers, researchers, and ecologists all need and use this information.

Which type of map shows information about plants?

Economic or Resource Map Economic or resource maps show the different resources present in the area or economic activity prevalent. They show the kind of crops that are grown and the minerals found in places.

What are the 11 vegetation regions?


  • Alpine and arctic tundra and ice.
  • Boreal forest.
  • Temperate deciduous forest and subtropical evergreen forest.
  • Temperate grasslands.
  • Desert and semidesert.
  • Tropical deciduous forest and savanna.
  • Tropical rainforest.

What are the main vegetation types in Africa?

The main vegetation types found in Africa

  • Tropical rain forest.
  • Savannah (Tropical grasslands).
  • Desert and semi-desert vegetation.
  • Mediterranean vegetation.
  • Temperate grassland.
  • Mountain vegetation.

What is the main crop in Nigeria?

Nigeria has 70.8 million hectares of agriculture land area with maize, cassava, guinea corn, yam beans, millet and rice being the major crops. Nigeria’s rice production rose from 3.7 million metric tons in 2017 to 4.0 million metric tons in 2018.

What are the distribution of crops in Nigeria?

This is distributed among arable land area of 34 million hectares, 6.5 million hectares for permanent crops, and 30.3 million hectares on meadows and pastures. Maize, cassava, guinea corn and yam are the major crops among households in Nigeria and 70 percent of households practice crop farming.

What type of vegetation is found in the shaded area of the map?

Deciduous forests Was this answer helpful?

What is map map types?

According to the ICSM (Intergovernmental Committee on Surveying and Mapping), there are five different types of maps: General Reference, Topographical, Thematic, Navigation Charts and Cadastral Maps and Plans.

Which part of Nigeria is savanna vegetation found?

The tropical savanna climate (Aw) or tropical wet and dry climate is extensive in area and covers most of western to central Nigeria, where it exerts enormous influence on the region.

What are the 4 major vegetation regions?

Most of the United States can be divided into four main vegetation regions.

  • Forest.
  • Grassland.
  • Desert.
  • Tundra.

What are the different vegetation zones in Nigeria?

Nigerian vegetation zones. Vegetation usually depends on the climate zones of the country. Vegetation belts in Nigeria reflect the tight link between the vegetation and the country’s climate: Rainforest; Fresh Water Swamp; Sahel Savanna; Short Grass Savanna; Guinea Savanna;

Why is montane vegetation in Nigeria not very developed?

Montane vegetation in Nigeria (mountain and plateaus vegetation) is not very developed due to the reason of low average temperatures and the significant impact of animals and man. The Jos plateau is one of the highest points in Nigeria. This is grassland zone but the slopes are covered by forests.

Where do forests grow in the Niger River?

In the depressions of the relief, on the shores of freshwater lagoons, on the internal marshes and in the delta of the Niger (where salt water does not penetrate), the appearance of the forest is different. The trees there are lower and are not so diverse.

What are the characteristics of the savanna vegetation in Nigeria?

Among the savanna vegetation in Nigeria, various types of so-called elephant grass predominate. Groups of trees rise above the grassy sea: drought-resistant kaya, isoberlinia, mitragina. Some of them have trunks twisted from annual fires. In the first half of the dry season the savanna looks lifeless, the trees stand bare.