What does a high biotic index mean?
A high biotic index indicates the presence of many pollution-sensitive organisms, denoting an unpolluted environment. A low biotic index indicates a polluted environment, due to a relative abundance of pollution-tolerant organisms.
What does the biotic index indicate?
A biotic index is a scale for showing the quality of an environment by indicating the types and abundances of organisms present in a representative sample of the environment. It is often used to assess the quality of water in marine and freshwater ecosystems.
How do you calculate biological index?
- Example of Biotic Index Calculation. Using Macroinvertebrate Information.
- If you find:
- Mayflies. Caddisflies. Stoneflies. Scuds. Midge larva.
- Multiply each by the Biotic Value:
- Biotic Value. Mayflies. 25 x 10 = 250. Caddisflies. 15 x 10 = 150.
- TOTAL = 820. Divide total by 10. This is the Biotic Index Value: 820/10 = 82.
What are biological indices or scores in water quality?
Ecological indices are expressed as numbers or scores that have been derived or transformed from quantitative data. For example, the Trent biotic index of water quality is derived from a mix of the presence or absence of certain indicator species and the number or diversity of taxa (or groups) or organisms present.
What does a high BMWP score mean?
A high BMWP Score -or Biotic Index -as it is sometimes called, means the invertebrate is very sensitive to pollution, therefore, for the invertebrate to be present – the water must be clean. An example of an animal that has a very high Biotic Index is a Mayfly nymph (its biological name is Ephemeroptera).
How is biodiversity index calculated?
One way to calculate a simple biodiversity index is by dividing the species richness by the species evenness. Take it outside! Try this methodology in your backyard or a local park to measure the biodiversity of organisms.
What is a good BMWP score?
|11-40||Poor||Polluted or impacted|
|71-100||Good||Clean but slightly impacted|
|>100||Very good||Unpolluted, unimpacted|
How is BMWP score calculated?
The BMWP index is calculated by adding up the individual tolerance scores of aquatic macroinvertebrates at family taxonomic level present at a sample site.
What causes high BOD in wastewater?
Sources: BOD represents the amount of organic matter in a water supply; therefore, it increases when decaying plants, human or animal waste, and other organic compounds are added to water.
What is BOD in waste water?
BOD is a measure of the amount of oxygen required to remove waste organic matter from water in the process of decomposition by aerobic bacteria (those bacteria that live only in an environment containing oxygen).
What is biodiversity index?
Scientists use a formula called the biodiversity index to describe the amount of species diversity in a given area. A simple biodiversity index is calculated as follows: number of species in the area ÷ total number of individuals in the area = biodiversity index.
What is a high biodiversity index?
A high index value suggests a stable site with many different niches and low competition (high richness and evenness) A low index value suggests a site with few potential niches where only a few species dominate (low richness and evenness)
What does BMWP score mean?
Biological Monitoring Working Party
The Biological Monitoring Working Party (BMWP) Score is an method to measure the biological quality of rivers using invertebrates as indicators. This score is widely used by organisations such as the Environment Agency to monitor water quality in rivers..
What are BMWP scores based on?
The BMWP score system is based on families of benthic macroinvertebrates that have been given a score between 1 and 10 based on their pollution tolerance, with the most sensitive receiving the highest score.
What happen if BOD is high?
The greater the BOD, the more rapidly oxygen is depleted in the stream. This means less oxygen is available to higher forms of aquatic life. The consequences of high BOD are the same as those for low dissolved oxygen: aquatic organisms become stressed, suffocate, and die.