What drug classification is aminophylline?

What drug classification is aminophylline?

Aminophylline belongs to a group of medicines known as bronchodilators. Bronchodilators are medicines that relax the muscles in the bronchial tubes (air passages) of the lungs. They relieve cough, wheezing, shortness of breath, and troubled breathing by increasing the flow of air through the bronchial tubes.

What should be monitored when taking aminophylline?

Patients receiving aminophylline require monitoring for CNS effects, respiratory rate, arterial blood gasses, and serum theophylline concentrations. Clinicians must measure serum concentrations before initiating a loading dose in a person who has taken theophylline in the last 24 hours.

What is drug aminophylline used for?

Aminophylline injection is used together with other medicines to treat the acute symptoms of asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, and other lung diseases in a hospital setting. Aminophylline belongs to a group of medicines known as bronchodilators.

What are the side effects adverse reactions and drug interactions related to aminophylline?

What side effects can this medication cause?

  • upset stomach.
  • stomach pain.
  • diarrhea.
  • headache.
  • restlessness.
  • insomnia.
  • irritability.

What is the interaction of aminophylline?


Drug Interaction
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Deferasirox The serum concentration of Aminophylline can be increased when it is combined with Deferasirox.
Deflazacort The metabolism of Aminophylline can be increased when combined with Deflazacort.

What are common side effects associated with aminophylline in neonates?

Due to its narrow therapeutic window,6 several adverse effects have been associated with aminophylline use at doses recommended for the treatment of AOP, such as tachycardia, irritability, vomiting, high blood sugar, and gastrointestinal bleeding.

Is aminophylline contraindicated in hypertension?

Aminophylline should be used with caution in patients with peptic ulcer, hyperthyroidism, glaucoma, diabetes mellitus, severe hypoxaemia, hypertension, compromised cardiac or circulatory function and epilepsy, as these conditions may be exacerbated.

What is the other name for aminophylline?

Theophylline is available under the following different brand names: Theo 24, Theochron, Elixophyllin, aminophylline, and Uniphyl.

What are the negative effects of aminophylline?

Aminophylline side effects fast or irregular heartbeats; a seizure; high blood sugar–increased thirst, increased urination, dry mouth, fruity breath odor; or. low potassium level–leg cramps, constipation, irregular heartbeats, fluttering in your chest, numbness or tingling, muscle weakness or limp feeling.

Is aminophylline contraindicated in pregnancy?

Aminophylline should be used during pregnancy only if the possible benefit outweighs the possible risk to the unborn baby. No studies have been done in animals, and no well-controlled studies have been done in pregnant women. Aminophylline should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.

Which drugs are bronchodilators?

The 3 most widely used bronchodilators are:

  • beta-2 agonists, such as salbutamol, salmeterol, formoterol and vilanterol.
  • anticholinergics, such as ipratropium, tiotropium, aclidinium and glycopyrronium.
  • theophylline.

What is aminophylline toxicity?

Aminophylline is a useful but a potentially toxic drug which may cause severe reactions or even death, due usually to overdosage of or possibly hypersensitivity to the drug. 3. The earliest and most constant symptom of toxicity is restlessness. The next important and almost constant symptom is frequent vomiting.

What is the management of asthma in pregnancy?

A stepwise approach to asthma treatment is recommended during pregnancy as for other adults with asthma [5]. Guidelines recommend the use of short acting β-agonists (SABA) as reliever medication and the use of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) for women with persistent asthma [5].

What is the classification of bronchodilators?

For treating asthma symptoms, there are three types of bronchodilators: beta-agonists, anticholinergics, and theophylline. You can get these bronchodilators as tablets, liquids, and shots, but the preferred way to take beta-agonists and anticholinergics is inhaling them.

What is the antidote of theophylline?

Esmolol, a short-acting beta-blocker, has been used successfully for unstable supraventricular tachycardia and related hypotension in theophylline overdose.

Which one of the following asthma agents would be preferred during her pregnancy?

Albuterol is the preferred short-acting inhaled beta2-agonist because it has an excellent safety profile and the greatest amount of data related to safety during pregnancy of any cur- rently available inhaled beta2-agonist.

Can you take salbutamol when pregnant?

Salbutamol and pregnancy Salbutamol is safe to use in pregnancy. It’s important that your asthma is well treated, so do not hesitate to use your inhaler if you need it. Since salbutamol is inhaled and works in the lungs, very little of it gets into your blood and even less of it gets to your baby.