What is a Haarlem Haerlempje?
Panoramic views of the Haarlem skyline became so popular in the 17th century that a specific term was used to describe them: a Haerlempje. The most famous Haerlempjes were painted by Jacob van Ruisdael, for instance View of Haarlem with Bleaching Fields. Famous Dutch radio DJ Giel Beelen was born in Haarlem.
When was the Haarlemmertrekvaart?
In 1632 a tow canal between Haarlem and Amsterdam, the Haarlemmertrekvaart was opened, the first tow canal in the country. The empty areas in the city that were a result of the fire of 1576 were filled with new houses and buildings.
What is the population of Haarlem?
Haarlem is situated at the northern edge of the Randstad, one of the most populated metropolitan areas in Europe; it is also part of the Amsterdam metropolitan area. Haarlem had a population of 161,265 in 2019. Haarlem was granted city status or stadsrechten in 1245, although the first city walls were not built until 1270.
What happened to the Jews of Haarlem?
Despite her efforts and those of her colleagues and private families such as the Ten Booms, most Haarlem Jews were deported, the Haarlem Synagogue was demolished and the Jewish hospital was annexed by the St. Elisabeth Gasthuis.
What is the municipality of Haarlem?
Apart from the city, the municipality of Haarlem also includes the western part of the village of Spaarndam. Newer sections of Spaarndam lie within the neighbouring municipality of Haarlemmermeer . A topographic map of Haarlem. Haarlem is located on the river Spaarne, giving it its nickname ‘Spaarnestad’ (Spaarne city).
What was the former name of Haarlem?
The former name of Haarlem was Haarloheim, a residence on a higher sandbar in the forest. Haarlem only became a ‘real’ city in 1245 when it received the city rights of count Willem II of Holland.
What is Haarlem like to live in?
The town of Halfweg became a suburb, and Haarlem became a quiet bedroom community, and for this reason Haarlem still has many of its central medieval buildings intact. Nowadays many of them are on the Dutch Heritage register known as Rijksmonuments.