What is a viral infection caused by the mumps virus belonging to the family of paramyxoviruses?

What is a viral infection caused by the mumps virus belonging to the family of paramyxoviruses?

Mumps is an acute, self-limited, systemic viral illness characterized by the swelling of one or more of the salivary glands, typically the parotid glands. The illness is caused by the RNA virus, Rubulavirus. Rubulavirus is within the genus Paramyxovirus and is a member of the family Paramyxoviridae.

Which disease is caused by paramyxovirus?

The Paramyxoviridae is a family of single-stranded RNA viruses known to cause different types of infections in vertebrates. Examples of these infections in humans include the measles virus, mumps virus, parainfluenza virus, and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).

Is paramyxovirus transmitted to humans?

It doesn’t normally affect humans. The disease is currently present in Great Britain. Pigeon paramyxovirus infection is a notifiable animal disease.

Which viruses belong to Paramyxoviridae?

The family Paramyxoviridae consists of three genera: Paramyxovirus, which includes the parainfluenza viruses and mumps virus; Pneumovirus, which includes respiratory syncytial virus; and Morbillivirus, which includes the measles virus.

How is Paramyxovirus infection treated?

Paramyxovirus can be diagnosed by isolating virus from swabs (oropharyngeal and/or cloacal), serology or PCR testing. There is no treatment for PMV infection, only supportive care. Some strains can potentially cause a temporary conjunctivitis and flu-like symptoms in people.

Is Rubella a Paramyxovirus?

Rubella virus, although classified as a togavirus because of its chemical and physical properties (see Chapter 29), can be considered with the paramyxoviruses on an epidemiologic basis.

Can paramyxovirus be cured?

There is no treatment that cures APMV1. However, supportive treatment of sick birds may reduce the severity of the disease and improve the chances of survival. Anyone with this disease in their pigeons should seek veterinary advice on supportive treatments. They should also report the disease to the DPIPWE.

What is the treatment of paramyxovirus?

There is no specific treatment for PPMV1. Infected pigeons often die within 72 hours, but may survive with supportive therapy e.g. electrolytes, acidifying agents, probiotics. The addition of electrolytes to the drinking water is the most effective treatment.

Why is it called Paramyxoviridae?

Paramyxoviridae (from Greek para- “by the side of” and myxa “mucus”) is a family of negative-strand RNA viruses in the order Mononegavirales. Vertebrates serve as natural hosts. Diseases associated with this family include measles, mumps, and respiratory tract infections.

Is influenza A paramyxovirus?

Paramyxoviruses and orthomyxoviruses were originally grouped together as the myxo viruses because of the morphological similarity of the virions and the fact that the prototype viruses, Newcastle disease virus, and influenza virus each carry a hemagglutinin and a neuraminidase.

Is RSV a paramyxovirus?

Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and human metapneumovirus (MPV) are members of the family Paramyxoviridae of the Mononegavirales order, comprising the nonsegmented negative-strand RNA viruses.

Where is paramyxovirus found?

Some paramyxoviruses, such as the henipaviruses, are zoonotic pathogens, occurring naturally in an animal host, but also able to infect humans. Hendra virus (HeV) and Nipah virus (NiV) in the genus Henipavirus have emerged in humans and livestock in Australia and Southeast Asia.

Do pigeons recover from PMV?

There is no direct treatment for Paramyxovirus, however supportive treatment helps some birds recover and can make a difference in individual birds regarding whether they live or die. Birds too sick to look after themselves in the loft should be removed, kept warm (25–30C) and hand fed and watered.

How is Paramyxovirus treated?

What is a Klasifikasi virus?

Klasifikasi virus adalah proses pemberian nama dan pengelompokan virus berdasarkan karakter yang dimilikinya. Ada beberapa cara mengelompokkan virus, misalnya berdasarkan karakteristik fenotipe mereka, seperti morfologi, jenis asam nukleat, cara replikasi, organisme inang, serta jenis penyakit yang mereka timbulkan.

What is paramyxovirus?

Paramyxovirus is any virus belonging to the Paramyxoviridae family. Paramyxoviruses have enveloped virions (or virus particles) with diameters ranging from 150 to 200 nm (1 nm = 109 metres).

How is morbillivirus different from other paramyxoviruses?

They also differ from other paramyxoviruses in morphology (diameter of nucleocapsid and surface projections). Morbillivirus is distinguished by the absence of neuraminidase in the virions and by the presence of common envelope and nucleocapsid antigens in the species listed in Table 59-1.

What is the helical symmetry of the paramyxovirus genome?

The nucleocapsid that consists of a protein shell (or the capsid) and has the viral nucleic acids has helical symmetry. The paramyxovirus virus genome consists of a single strand of negative-sense non-segmented RNA (ribonucleic acid).