What is communal violence bill in India?

What is communal violence bill in India?

Power of State Government to declare an area a communally disturbed area. 4. Measures to be taken by State Government on declaring a communally disturbed area. CHAPTER III bPREVENTION OF ACTS LEADING TO COMMUNAL VIOLENCE 5. Power of District Magistrate to take preventive measures, etc.

Which state has the highest communal violence in India?

The highest incidences of communal violence in the five-year period were reported from Maharashtra (700). The other three states with high counts of communal violence over the same five-year period were Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Orissa.

What is the meaning of communal disturbance?

involving different social or religious groups within a community: Communal riots/disturbances have once again broken out between the two ethnic groups.

What is the importance of communal harmony?

Communal harmony is a prerequisite for a country like India, with its diverse population and cultures. Communal harmony ensures that every religion gets equal treatment, and tolerance builds amongst citizens. You can read more Essay Writing about articles, events, people, sports, technology many more.

Which city has more communal violence?

… and Kolkata have been the places of signifi cance communal violence in the Gangetic plain, while Surat, Vadodara, Ahmedabad, Mumbai, and Hyderabad have caught up with the cities in the Gangetic plains mainly due to the rise of communal violence in the post-independence period.

Who was responsible for communal riots in India?

NEW DELHI: A day after Jahangirpuri violence in in the national capital, the BJP on Sunday said the “ideology of appeasement” pursued over the last 70 years is responsible for the communal riots across the country.

Who started communalism?

The term communalism was coined by the British colonial government as it wrestled to manage Hindu-Muslim riots and other violence between religious, ethnic and disparate groups in its colonies, particularly in British West Africa and the Cape Colony, in early 20th century.

How many riots happened in India after independence?

From 1945 to 2000

Name Year Deaths
1980 Moradabad riots August 1980 400
Nellie massacre February 1983 2,191 (Unofficial Toll 10,000+)
1984 Bhiwandi riot May 1984 278
1984 anti-Sikh riots 31 October 1984 − 3 November 1984 3,350-17,000

How successful Indian polity has been in maintaining communal harmony in the state?

To start with explain that Indian polity is a system that is spreading knowledge among people about equal rights for everyone in the country. Communal harmony is maintained by the secular way that means treating all religions in same way and it allows no intervention by the government in religious principles.

What do you mean by secularism?

Definition of secularism : indifference to or rejection or exclusion of religion and religious considerations.

When did communal violence start in India?

India witnessed its worst communal riots in 1948 after the partition. Noakhali in Bengal and several villages of Bihar were the worst hit. One of the first major communal riots took place in August 1893 in Mumbai in which about a hundred people were killed and 800 injured.

Which Indian states witnessed maximum violence resulting from communal riots of partition 1947?

India witnessed its worst communal riots in 1948 after the partition. Noakhali in Bengal and several villages of Bihar were the worst hit. The first major riots between Hindus and Muslims after the bloodshed of partition in 1947 occurred in Jabalpur in Madhya Pradesh in 1961.

What is communalism and communal violence?

Communalism is a term used to denote attempts to construct religious or ethnic identity, incite strife between people identified as different communities, and to stimulate communal violence between those groups. It derives from history, differences in beliefs, and tensions between the communities.

What is communalism in simple words?

Definition of communalism 1 : social organization on a communal basis. 2 : loyalty to a sociopolitical grouping based on religious or ethnic affiliation.

What has been the government done to prevent communal violence in India?

Till 2002, the successive governments did not take any notable legislative actions but to check the sporadic events of communal violence, the UPA government had in 2005 brought forward the “Communal Violence (Prevention, Control and Rehabilitation of Victims) Bill, 2005”.

What is the communal violence bill?

The Bill seeks to make the definition of a group hit by communal violence as community-neutral and leaves the prevention and control of communal violence especially by the states, with the Centre playing a coordinating role.

What is’prevention of communal and targeted violence (access to justice and reparations) bill’?

The ‘Prevention of Communal and Targeted Violence (Access to Justice and Reparations) Bill’ was originally drafted by the National Advisory Council or NAC, a group of activists and civil society representatives chaired by Congress president Sonia Gandhi.

What are the major flaws in the anti-communal violence bill?

The major flaws in the bill are as follows: The bill defines that the term “group” against which communal violence occurs stands to be a linguistic or religious minority. So, what would happen if there is a communal violence by the minority against the majority?