What is primary context in archaeology?

What is primary context in archaeology?

Primary Context – The context of an artifact, feature, or site that has not been disturbed since its original deposition.

What is archaeological refuse?

Talking Trash in Archaeology Trash—also known as garbage, waste, junk, rubbish, or refuse—holds information about people. It can tell an archaeologist about what people did in day-to-day life.

What is an ecofact in archaeology?

In archaeology, a biofact (more commonly known as an ecofact) is any organic material including flora or fauna material found at an archaeological site that has not been technologically altered by humans yet still has cultural relevance.

Is archaeology magazine peer reviewed?

Archaeology is a glossy, popular magazine that has been published by the Archaeological Institute of America since 1948. Although it is published by a venerable professional society, it is NOT peer-reviewed; the articles are mostly written by journalists rather than by the investigators themselves.

What are primary and secondary context in archaeology?

primary context. The undisturbed position of a find after original deposition. secondary context. The position of an archaeological find that has been partially or wholly disturbed after its original deposition by human or natural activity.

What is secondary refuse in Archaeology?

In archaeological sites, excavators will often come across what is known as secondary refuse, which is defined as unwanted materials that are removed from the site where they were used and disposed of at a different location.

What is de facto refuse?

de facto refuse. Still-usable items that were left behind, presumably as refuse, when a structure was abandoned.

What is the difference between artifact and ecofact?

An artifact is any object made by a human being. Usually, it refers to an object that has cultural or historical interest. An ecofact, or biofact, is any organic material that has been recovered and has cultural Page 5 or historical significance. This might be bones, animal horns, plants, and so on.

What is an example of an ecofact?

More generally taken as material recovered from archaeological sites, or other sealed deposits, which is relevant to the study of ancient environments and ecology. Examples include animal bones, seeds, snail shells, waterlogged wood, and pollen.

How often is archaeology magazine published?

Archaeology is a bimonthly magazine for the general public, published by the Archaeological Institute of America.

What is provenience in archeology?

Abstract. An essential term in archaeology is provenience. Provenience has two meanings: the place of discovery and the place of origin. The provenience of an artifact can be the place where it was found in excavations – that is a very important piece of information.

What does provenience mean in archaeology?

place of origin
A dictionary meaning of Provenience is “place of origin”. In the Parks Canada provenience system, it means the place of origin of an archaeological object, of a cluster of archaeological objects, of a feature or features, of a sample of soil, mortar, charcoal or other material.

What is a midden heap?

A midden (also kitchen midden or shell heap) is an old dump for domestic waste which may consist of animal bone, human excrement, botanical material, mollusc shells, potsherds, lithics (especially debitage), and other artifacts and ecofacts associated with past human occupation.

Are human bones an ecofact?

An ecofact, or biofact, is any organic material that has been recovered and has cultural Page 5 or historical significance. This might be bones, animal horns, plants, and so on.

Is ecofact the most important archaeological evidence?

Abstract. Ecofacts, generally defined as unmodified or non-artifactual components of archaeological sites, in fact are the most diverse and comprehensive archaeological remains.