What is protein synthesis process?

What is protein synthesis process?

Protein synthesis is the process in which cells make proteins. It occurs in two stages: transcription and translation. Transcription is the transfer of genetic instructions in DNA to mRNA in the nucleus. It includes three steps: initiation, elongation, and termination.

How do you explain protein synthesis to a child?

When a cell makes a protein it is called protein synthesis. The instructions for how to make a protein are held in DNA molecules inside the cell nucleus. The two major stages in making a protein are called transcription and translation.

What is protein synthesis simple?

Protein synthesis is the process of creating protein molecules. In biological systems, it involves amino acid synthesis, transcription, translation, and post-translational events. In amino acid synthesis, there is a set of biochemical processes that produce amino acids from carbon sources like glucose.

What is protein synthesis kids?

How protein is formed?

Proteins are formed in a condensation reaction when amino acid molecules join together and a water molecule is removed. The new bond formed in protein molecules where amino acids have joined (-CONH) is called an amide link or a peptide link.

What is protein synthesis also called?

Protein synthesis in living cells is also called as translation. It is the process of synthesizing a protein from an mRNA template.

How is protein made?

To build proteins, cells use a complex assembly of molecules called a ribosome. The ribosome assembles amino acids into the proper order and links them together via peptide bonds. This process, known as translation, creates a long string of amino acids called a polypeptide chain.

What initiates protein synthesis?


  • RNA,Transfer,Amino Acyl
  • RNA,Transfer,Met
  • tRNA,formylmethionine-
  • RNA,Transfer
  • Methionine
  • Galactosidases
  • beta-Galactosidase
  • What are the 2 steps of protein synthesis?

    Initiation: Ribosomal subunits bind to mRNA.

  • Elongation: The ribosome moves along the mRNA molecule linking amino acids and forming a polypeptide chain.
  • Termination: The ribosome reaches a stop codon,which terminates protein synthesis and releases the ribosome.
  • What is the sequence of events in protein synthesis?

    (a) Activation of amino acids:

  • (b) Transfer of amino acid to tRNA:
  • (c) Initiation of polypeptide chain:
  • (d) Chain Termination:
  • (e) Protein translocation:
  • What is made during initiation of protein synthesis?

    Just as with mRNA synthesis, protein synthesis can be divided into three phases: initiation, elongation, and termination. The three steps of translational process of ribosome are: (1) Initiation (2) Elongation and (3) Termination. During initiation, a group of proteins called initiation factors assist in assembling the ribosome around the mRNA.