What is the legal basis of the Philippines claim over the Kalayaan Island Group?

What is the legal basis of the Philippines claim over the Kalayaan Island Group?

Historical/Legal Basis of Claims The Philippines claims the Kalayaan Island Group on the assumption that after Japan renounced its title to the islands in the San Francisco Treaty of Peace of 1951, they reverted to being terra nullius because title was not explicitly passed to another state.

What is the Kalayaan Group of islands better known as now?

Today it is also known as Bajo de Masinloc, after the fishing town in Zambales. The case of the Kalayaan Islands (Spratlys) is different. Abandoned by France and China, it became terra nullius or no man’s land after World War 2.

Why West Philippine Sea is important?

Identified as one of the priority seascapes, the West Philippine Sea (WPS) accounts for roughly one third of Philippine waters and hosts a wealth of the country’s coastal and marine resources: from coral reefs, to fisheries resources, to energy and mineral resources, among others.

What is the basis of the Philippines in claiming the Spratly Island?

The Republic of the Philippines claims the Spratly islands and are based on sovereignty over the Spratly Islands on the issues of res nullius and geography.

What are the reasons for the dispute in Spratly island?

The Empire of Japan disputed French sovereignty over the islands, claiming that Japan was the first country to discover the islands. Japan declared its intention to place the island group under its jurisdiction. France and the United Kingdom protested and reasserted French sovereignty claims.

What is the west Philippine Sea issue?

The arbitration case between the Philippines and China over the West Philippine Sea seeks to clarify the geographical extent of the dispute by requesting the Tribunal to rule on the validity of China’s nine-dash line, and determine the legal status of specific features including the maritime zones that they can …

Why is it important to protect the Philippine Sea?

It provides the ecosystem in which thousands of species thrive, and also protects the land from the impact of waves, storms, and floods, according to the United States’ National Ocean Service.

Why is Spratly Island important?

The Spratly area holds potentially significant, but largely unexplored, reserves of oil and natural gas, it is a productive area for world fishing, it is one of the busiest areas of commercial shipping traffic, and surrounding countries would get an extended continental shelf if their claims were recognized.

Should the Philippines continue to fight for its right on the Spratly Islands Why?

Some argue that the Philippines should take sovereignty over Spratly Islands because it has had the most success and experience with maintaining marine ecosystems, plus the islands are well within the Philippine exclusive economic zone (EEZ).

What do you say about the issues on the Spratly Island?

The Spratly Islands dispute is an ongoing territorial dispute between China, the Philippines, Taiwan, Malaysia, Vietnam, and Brunei, concerning “ownership” of the Spratly Islands, a group of islands and associated “maritime features” (reefs, banks, and cays etc.) located in the South China Sea.

How did the dispute began in West Philippine Sea?

In March, the Philippines complained that Chinese patrol boats had harassed a Philippine oil exploration vessel in disputed waters near the Spratlys, and subsequently filed a formal protest at the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS).

How do we know that the west Philippine Sea belongs to the Philippines?

Aside from 17th-century maps, international treaties, and even Chinese records, we know that the West Philippine Sea belongs to the Philippines because international law says so, even before the landmark victory of Filipinos in the Philippines versus China case at the Permanent Court of Arbitration in 2016.

What can you say about Philippine seas?

The Philippine Sea is a marginal sea of the Western Pacific Ocean east of the Philippine archipelago (hence the name), the largest in the world, occupying an estimated surface area of 5 million square kilometers (2×106 sq mi). The Philippine Sea Plate forms the floor of the sea.