What is the meaning of Afromontane?

What is the meaning of Afromontane?

Afromontane (not comparable) Of or relating to the Afrotropic subregion and its plant and animal species common to the mountains of Africa and the southern Arabian Peninsula.

Where is the Afromontane forest?

The Afromontane forests occur along the mountainous arc of the Drakensberg Range, from Limpopo Province in the northeast to the Western Cape Province in the southwest.

Where is the eastern Afromontane located?

The Eastern Afromontane biodiversity hotspot covers an area of over one million square kilometers, stretching more than 7,000 kilometers from Saudi Arabia and Yemen in the Middle East, to Zimbabwe and Mozambique in southern Africa.

Why is Eastern Afromontane a hotspot?

Ecosystem Profile The Eastern Afromontane Biodiversity Hotspot’s ecosystems provide tens of millions of people with fresh water and other ecosystem services that are essential to their survival. Despite its wealth in natural resources, the region is characterized by intense and pervasive poverty.

What is Afroalpine?

The afro-alpine region comprises the high mountains of Ethiopia and tropical East Africa, which represent biological ‘sky islands’ with high level of endemism. However, some primarily arctic-alpine plants also occur in the afro-alpine mountains.

What animals live in eastern Afromontane?

The Ethiopian Highlands are also home to the rarest canid in the world, the Endangered Ethiopian wolf (Canis simensis). The most charismatic flagship species of the hotspot are the great apes, including the Critically Endangered mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei) and the Endangered Grauer’s gorilla (G.

What is the biggest forest in South Africa?

The Knysna forest
The Knysna forest is the largest forest complex in Southern Africa, and covers an area of about 60,500 ha. The forest includes high (>20 m) and scrub (3 m) forest, and is found in fragmented patches on the seaward side of the coastal mountains.

Why is the Horn of Africa a biodiversity hotspot?

The Horn of Africa is one of only two entirely arid hotspots. It extends from Oman and Yemen through Eritrea and Somalia to parts of Ethiopia and Kenya. It is notable for endemic plants, with more than 2700 species. Both the frankincense and myrrh trees are native to this region.

What is Ethiopian ecology?

The major ecosystems include: Afroalpine and subafroalpine, Montane dry forest and scrub, Montane moist forest, Acacia-Comiphora woodland, Combretum-Terminalia woodland, Lowland humid forest, Aquatic, wetland, Montane grassland, and Desert and semidesert ecosystems.

What are the characteristics of Afro Alphine?

The afroalpine zone vegetation is characterized by closed cover of tussock grasses over which tower giant rosettes of giant groundsels (Dendrosenecio spp.) and the tall inflorescences of Lobelia spp. Shrubs and subshrubs such as lady’s mantle (Alchemilla argyrophylla and A.

Is there a jungle in South Africa?

FAO, 7.6% or about 9,241,000 ha of South Africa is forested, according to FAO. Of this 10.2% ( 947,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. South Africa had 1,763,000 ha of planted forest….South Africa Forest Information and Data.

Total Land Area (1000 ha) 121447
Percent other wooded land 20

What country in Africa has most trees?

Of these six countries, DRC contains the largest area of rainforest, with 107 million hectares, amounting to 60 percent of Central Africa’s lowland forest cover. Map Africa’s tropical rainforests. Click to enlarge. NASA images of the Congo Basin.

Which country in Africa has the most biodiversity?

Uganda is a landlocked country located where seven of Africa’s biogeographic regions converge, making it a country with a high level of biodiversity.

What are the 3 largest biodiversity hotspots in Africa?

However, few realise that South Africa is in fact home to three different biodiversity hotspots, namely the Cape Floristic Region, the Succulent Karoo ecoregion and the Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany corridor. Biodiversity hotspots are the world’s most biodiverse and threatened terrestrial regions.

What is the biggest forest in Ethiopia?

The Harenna Forest
It is one of the few remaining natural forests in the country, and the largest. The Harenna Forest is known for its native plants, mammals, amphibians and birds, including many endemic species.

Why Ethiopia was called a tropical country?

Ethiopia is in the tropical zone laying between the Equator and the Tropic of Cancer. It has three different climate zones according to elevation. Kolla (Tropical zone) – is below 1830 metres in elevation and has an average annual temperature of about 27 degree Celsius with annual rainfall about 510 millimetres.

Where is Afro-Alpine located?

Kilimanjaro and Kenya. Afroalpine vegetation also occurs in the Ethiopian Highlands, a large lava plateau divided in two by the East African Rift. The general surface of the plateau is 6,500 ft asl, but rising above it are mountain chains with peaks over 9,850 ft high.

Where is Afromontane located in Africa?

Afromontane. The Afromontane archipelago mostly follows the East African Rift from the Red Sea to Zimbabwe, with the largest areas in the Ethiopian Highlands, the Albertine Rift Mountains of Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Tanzania, and the Eastern Arc highlands of Kenya and Tanzania.

What are the characteristics of Afromontane forest?

The Afromontane forests generally occur in well-watered areas, including ravines and south-facing slopes. The Afromontane forests are intolerant of fire, and the frequent fires of the surrounding fynbos, savanna, and grassland limit the expansion of the forests.

What are some examples of Afromontane endemics?

The tree genera Afrocrania, Balthasaria, Curtisia, Ficalhoa, Hagenia, Kiggelaria, Leucosidea, Platypterocarpus, Trichocladus, Widdringtonia, and Xymalos are Afromontane endemics or near-endemics, as are the plant genera Ardisiandra, Cincinnobotrys, and Stapfiella .