What is thyroid explain?
Summary. Your thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in your neck, just above your collarbone. It is one of your endocrine glands, which make hormones. Thyroid hormones control the rate of many activities in your body. These include how fast you burn calories and how fast your heart beats.
What is the classification of thyroid?
Table 1Classification of Thyroid Dysfunction: Biochemical Definition
|Condition||TSH Level||Thyroid Hormones|
|Overt hypothyroidism||>4.5 mIU/L||Low T4|
|Subclinical hyperthyroidism||<0.1 mIU/L||Normal T4 and T3|
|0.1 to 0.4 mIU/L||Normal T4 and T3|
|Subclinical hypothyroidism||4.5 to 10 mIU/L||Normal T4|
What are the 2 types of thyroid disease?
The two main types of thyroid disease are hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Both conditions can be caused by other diseases that impact the way the thyroid gland works. Conditions that can cause hypothyroidism include: Thyroiditis: This condition is an inflammation (swelling) of the thyroid gland.
What causes thyroid?
Problems with the thyroid can be caused by: iodine deficiency. autoimmune diseases, in which the immune system attacks the thyroid, leading either to hyperthyroidism (caused by Graves’ disease) or hypothyroidism (caused by Hashimoto’s disease) inflammation (which may or may not cause pain), caused by a virus or …
What are functions of thyroid hormones?
Thyroid hormone (T3 and T4) affects every cell and all the organs in your body by: Regulating the rate at which your body uses calories (energy). This affects weight loss or weight gain and is called the metabolic rate. Slowing down or speeding up your heart rate.
What is the name of the thyroid medication?
The most common treatment is levothyroxine (Levoxyl, Synthroid, Tirosint, Unithroid, Unithroid Direct), a man-made version of the thyroid hormone thyroxine (T4). It acts just like the hormone your thyroid gland normally makes.
What causes thyroid problem?
How much thyroid is normal?
The typical range of reference for TSH levels is anywhere between 0.45 and 4.5 milliunits per liter (mU/L) . A recent study suggests that the normal range should be more like 0.45 to 4.12 mU/L. TSH can vary wildly based on your age, sex, and stage of life.
What is the hormones of thyroid gland?
The thyroid gland produces thyroxine (referred to as T4), which is a relatively inactive prohormone. The highly active hormone is triiodothyronine (referred to as T3). Collectively, thyroxine and triiodothyronine are referred to as the thyroid hormones.