# What is Yukawa theory of nuclear forces?

## What is Yukawa theory of nuclear forces?

Abstract. ACCORDING to the theory proposed by Yukawa1 the neutron-proton interaction is due to the exchange of a particle having the elementary charge either positive or negative and a mass where h and c are Plancks constant and the velocity of light and is the range of nuclear forces.

Who gave the meson exchange theory of nuclear forces?

Hideki Yukawa
A little over 50 years ago, Hideki Yukawa, a young Japanese theoretical physicist at the University of Osaka, proposed a fundamental theory of nuclear forces involving the exchange of massive charged particles between neutrons and protons.

### Which force is called Yukawa force and why?

The Yukawa interaction was developed to model the strong force between hadrons. A Yukawa interaction is thus used to describe the nuclear force between nucleons mediated by pions (which are pseudoscalar mesons).

What is mesons in nuclear force?

In particle physics, mesons (/ˈmiːzɒnz/ or /ˈmɛzɒnz/) are hadronic subatomic particles composed of an equal number of quarks and antiquarks, usually one of each, bound together by strong interactions.

## What do you understand by Yukawa meson?

According to Yukawa theory the particles intermediate in mass between electrons and nucleons is responsible for nuclear forces. Today these particles are called pions or p-measons. p-measons can be positively charged or negatively charged or they can be neutral also.

What is Yukawa particle?

Yukawa proposed that force is transmitted by the exchange of particles (called carrier particles). The field consists of these carrier particles. The strong nuclear force is transmitted between a proton and neutron by the creation and exchange of a pion.

### Who discovered meson particle?

physicist Yukawa Hideki
Predicted theoretically in 1935 by the Japanese physicist Yukawa Hideki, the existence of mesons was confirmed in 1947 by a team led by the English physicist Cecil Frank Powell with the discovery of the pi-meson (pion) in cosmic-ray particle interactions.

Why is the Yukawa force referred to as a short-range force?

The range of the force is limited by the fact that the pion can only exist for the short time allowed by the Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Yukawa used the finite range of the strong nuclear force to estimate the mass of the pion; the shorter the range, the larger the mass of the carrier particle.

## How is Yukawa potential derived?

Consider the electrostatic potential about a charged point particle. This is given by ∇2φ = 0, which has the solution φ = e/4πε0r. This describes the potential for a force mediated by massless particles, the photons.

Where are mesons found?

Mesons are particles found in nucleus. They are responsible for stability of nucleus.

### How many mesons are there?

More than 200 mesons have been produced and characterized in the intervening years, most in high-energy particle-accelerator experiments.

Why nuclear forces are called exchange forces?

Solution : This is because the force between two nucleons is due to the exchange of `pi`-mesons between them.

## Who discovered meson in India?

Bibha Chowdhuri
Known for First to discover mesons using nuclear emulsion Identifying new particles by studying their tracks in cloud chambers and on photographic plates KGF Experiments: Energetic muons (Emln ⋍ 150 GeV) experiments at Kolar Gold Fields
Scientific career
Fields Particle physics, Cosmic rays

What is the scattering amplitude for Yukawa potential?

because ∫∞0exp(−μr′)sin(qr′)dr′=qq2+μ2. Thus, in the Born approximation, the differential cross-section for scattering by a Yukawa potential is dσdΩ≃(2mV0ℏ2μ)21[2k2(1−cosθ)+μ2]2, given that q2=4k2sin2(θ/2)=2k2(1−cosθ).

### What is range of nuclear force?

The nuclear force is powerfully attractive between nucleons at distances of about 1 femtometre (fm, or 10−15 metre), but it rapidly decreases to insignificance at distances beyond about 2.5 fm. At distances less than 0.7 fm, the nuclear force becomes repulsive.

Are mesons in nucleus?

The atomic nucleus consists of nucleons, which can be protons or neutrons. Mesons bind nucleons to form a nucleus via the nuclear force. Individual mesons, which hold together protons and neutrons in the nucleus, act as “virtual particles” and “real particles” that have their own mass and lifetime.

## How do mesons exist?

Mesons are typically formed when quarks/antiquarks are involved in collisions. If one quark is impelled away from the other particles, QCD colour confinement prevents its escape.

Who discovered meson?

Predicted theoretically in 1935 by the Japanese physicist Yukawa Hideki, the existence of mesons was confirmed in 1947 by a team led by the English physicist Cecil Frank Powell with the discovery of the pi-meson (pion) in cosmic-ray particle interactions.