What was the purpose of the Panathenaic amphora?

What was the purpose of the Panathenaic amphora?

Function. The function of these Panathenaic prize amphorae is that they are symbols of status. These vases commemorated the athleticism of these games and the cultural importance of winning such games. Some of the games that were held include stadion, pankration, music and equestrian events.

What is the Terracotta Panathenaic prize amphora?

Terracotta Panathenaic prize amphora (jar) ca. 560–550 B.C. From the second quarter of the sixth century B.C. on, victors in the contests of the Panathenaic festival in Athens were awarded a standardized amphora containing one metretes (about forty-two quarts) of olive oil from sacred groves in Attica.

What is the attic Panathenaic amphora?

A pair of Attic Panathenaic amphorae These large ceramic amphorae were prizes given to the winners of athletic competitions in the Great Panathenaic Games.

Where was the Panathenaic prize amphora made?

Made in Athens or surrounding Attica, it depicts Athena, goddess of war and the city’s patron deity, charging ahead in battle. An inscription identifies it as one of the containers filled with local olive oil and awarded as prizes at the athletic games of the Panathenaia, a festival honoring Athena.

What was shown on the other side of a Panathenaic amphora?

Even when vases were mainly produced in the red figure the Panathenaic amphoras were still made in black figure and would show on one side the sport or game of the Panathenaic festival that the athletes competed. The reverse side always showed Athena, the goddess celebrated during the festival.

Who is the artist of Panathenaic prize amphora with lid?

340–339 B.C. Attributed to the Marsyas Painter (Greek (Attic), active 370 – 330 B.C.)

What was the Panathenaic amphora made of?

olive oil
Panathenaic amphorae were the amphorae, large ceramic vessels, that contained the olive oil given as prizes in the Panathenaic Games. Some were ten imperial gallons (12 US gal; 45 L) and 60–70 cm (24–28 in) high. This oil came from the sacred grove of Athena at Akademia.

Where did the Panathenaic procession end?

the Acropolis
Only Athenian citizens10 were allowed to pass through the Propylaea and enter the Acropolis. The procession passed the Parthenon and stopped at the great altar of Athena in front of the Erechtheum.

How are amphora named?

An amphora (Greek: amphoreus) is a jar with two vertical handles used in antiquity for the storage and transportation of foodstuffs such as wine and olive oil. The name derives from the Greek amphi-phoreus meaning ‘carried on both sides’, although the Greeks had adopted the design from the eastern Mediterranean.

How do you identify amphora?

The size and shape have been determined from at least as early as the Neolithic Period. Amphorae were used in vast numbers for the transport and storage of various products, both liquid and dry, but mostly for wine….

Present location Circum-Mediterranean, Black Sea, Eurasia from the Atlantic to the Pacific.

What is a definition of an amphora?

1 : an ancient Greek jar or vase with a large oval body, narrow cylindrical neck, and two handles that rise almost to the level of the mouth broadly : such a jar or vase used elsewhere in the ancient world. 2 : a 2-handled vessel shaped like an amphora.

What is a Panathenaic amphora?

Panathenaic amphora. Panathenaic amphorae were the amphorae, large ceramic vessels, that contained the olive oil given as prizes in the Panathenaic Games.

What are the characteristics of amphorae in ancient Greece?

The amphorae which held it had the distinctive form of tight handles, narrow neck and feet, and they were decorated with consistent symbols, in a standard form using the black figure technique, and continued to be so, long after the black figure style had fallen out of fashion.

What does Athena Promachos look like in the amphora?

Some Panathenaic amphorae depicted Athena Promachos, goddess of war, advancing between columns brandishing a spear and wearing the aegis, and next to her the inscription τῶν Ἀθήνηθεν ἄθλων ” (one) of the prizes from Athens”. On the back of the vase was a representation of the event for which it was an award.